Spell Hit

Attacking With Spell:

Some spells automatically hit.  For example, Magic Missle automatically hits the target, and the caster rolls the damage dice listed.

Other spells either have an Attack Roll:
CASTER’S Ability Modifier + CASTER’S Proficiency + CASTER’S 1d20 roll

Or other spells might have a Chance to Save:
TARGET Ability Modifier + TARGET’s 1d20

The target’s total must be equal to or higher than the caster’s Spell DC (Ability Modifier + Proficiency + 8)

Spell Ability is the modifier from whichever stat your class is focused on (Int, Wis, or Cha). Example:  A wizard’s spell ability is Int, so the spell ability modifier is the + bonus from his int (+2, for example).

Source/Further Reading:
http://www.dandwiki.com/wiki/5e_SRD:Casting_a_Spell

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